;;; -*- syntax: common-lisp; base: 10; mode: lisp -*- ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;; ;;; File: mexpand.ins ;;; ;;; Purpose: A simple granular synthesis instrument. Two ;;; overlapping streams of grains are played ;;; simultaneously. The start time of the grain is ;;; controlled automatically to move through the ;;; input file over the duration of the output file. ;;; E.g. if the input duration is 10 secs and output ;;; is 20 secs, given a grain duration of 0.1 secs, ;;; then the grain increment will be 0.05 secs. ;;; Thus a simple form of time-stretching is ;;; accomplished. See instrument parameters for ;;; more information. ;;; ;;; Author: Michael Edwards - m@michael-edwards.org ;;; ;;; ;;; $$ Last modified: 10:00:40 Tue Jul 5 2011 BST ;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; (definstrument mexpand ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;; Beginning of Instrument Parameters ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; (file ;; Input file time ;; Output file start time duration &key ;; Output duration (start 0) ;; Input file start time (seconds) (end nil) ;; Input file end time (seconds); nil indicates the ;; end of the file (srt 1.0) ;; Sampling-Rate Conversion factor (1 = no transposition) (amp 1.0) ;; amplitude (generally 0.0 - 1.0) (degree 45) ;; Stereo Panning: 0 = left, 90 = right (distance 0) ;; how far away is the sound? (grain-dur .01) ;; Grain duration (seconds) (grain-env '(0 0 25 1 75 1 100 0)) ;; Grain Amplitude-Envelope (amp-env '(0 1 100 1)) ;; Amp-Envelope for the output file (overlap .5) ;; How much the grains overlap (0.0 - 1.0) (rev-amt 0) ;; Reverb amount (rev-env '(0 1 100 1)) ;; Reverb envelope (width 5) ;; the src width (printing t)) ;; whether to print the number of seconds computed ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;; End of Instrument Parameters, beginning of Instrument Setup Code ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;; Which sample in the output file do we begin on? (let* ((st (floor (* time *srate*))) ;; input file start sample (input-start-sample (floor (* start *srate*))) ;; open file handles for the src generators (f1 (open-input* file :start input-start-sample)) ;; start sample for the second stream will be set in the run ;; loop once this stream kicks in (f2 (open-input* file)) ;; src generator for the first grain stream (src-gen1 (make-src :input f1 :srate srt :width width)) ;; src generator for the second grain stream (src-gen2 (make-src :input f2 :srate srt :width width)) ;; Panning und Reverb generator (loc (make-locsig :degree degree :distance distance :reverb rev-amt)) ;; grain envelope for the first grain steam (gr-env1 (make-env :envelope grain-env :duration grain-dur :scaler 0.5)) ;; grain envelope for the second grain steam (gr-env2 (make-env :envelope grain-env :duration grain-dur :scaler 0.5)) ;; Envelope for the complete output file (ampf (make-env :envelope amp-env :scaler amp :duration duration)) ;; Envelope for the Reverb Stream (renv (make-env :envelope rev-env :scaler rev-amt :duration duration)) ;; how many grains per stream will there be in the output file? (number-of-grains (ceiling duration grain-dur)) ;; duration of the input file (snd-dur (sound-duration f1)) ;; how many samples we have from the input file. Remember ;; that :end nil means use the whole file (from the given :start) (input-dur (* *srate* (if end (- end start) (- snd-dur start)))) ;; Now we know how many grains we're going to need, as well ;; as how many input samples we have. Now calculate the ;; grain increment (through the input file) in samples. (read-inc (floor input-dur number-of-grains)) ;; convert grain duration in seconds to samples (grain-dur-in-samples (floor (* *srate* grain-dur))) (grain-overlap-samples (floor (* overlap grain-dur-in-samples))) ;; where (in samples) do we start the first stream in the input file? (start1-in-samples input-start-sample) ;; And for the second stream? This is dependent on :overlap (start2-in-samples (+ start1-in-samples grain-overlap-samples)) ;; At which output file samples does the first grain stop? ;; This is where the first envelope stops and restarts too. (env1-stop (+ st grain-dur-in-samples)) ;; Same for the second stream first grain. Note here that ;; this is actually the point at which the second stream strarts. (env2-stop (+ st grain-overlap-samples)) ;; The second stream doesn't play from the beginning (do-stream2 nil) ;; Sample counter for the print function (count 0) ;; At which sample in the output file do we stop? (nd (+ st (floor (* *srate* duration))))) ;; Print the start time (when printing (format t "~&Start time ~a.~%" time)) ;; Some sanity checks: ;; Check that the given start and end times are not bigger than ;; the input file duration (when (or (> start snd-dur) (and end (> end snd-dur))) (error "Illegal file access requested: ~ Input duration = ~a, :start = ~a, :end = ~a" snd-dur start end)) ;; Make sure that start isn't greater than end (when (and end (>= start end)) (error ":start (~a) >= :end (~a) ????" start end)) ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;; Ende of setup code. Beginning of run loop. ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; (run ;; We loop from the output file start to the end sample (loop for i from st to nd do ;; if requested, print each time we've computed a second of sound (when printing (if (= count *srate*) (progn (setq count 1) (print (round (/ i *srate*)))) (incf count))) ;; Have we finished the first stream's current grain? ;; Im ersten Stream, haben wir den ersten Grain erledigt? (when (> i env1-stop) ;; update the next grain end sample and the input file ;; start time for this grain (incf env1-stop grain-dur-in-samples) (incf start1-in-samples read-inc) ;; We can restart envelopes in CLM: we need to do this for ;; the grain envelope here. (mus-reset gr-env1) (mus-reset src-gen1) ;; reset the src too ;; If we're doing a time stretch, then our src generator ;; is now further along than the new start point so reset (setf (mus-location src-gen1) start1-in-samples)) ;; Same for the second stream (when (> i env2-stop) (incf env2-stop grain-dur-in-samples) (mus-reset gr-env2) (mus-reset src-gen2) ;; The only difference here to stream 1 is that we now ;; tell the system that stream 2 is in use (via ;; do-stream2) and increment start2-in-samples after ;; setting the src location rather than before (setf do-stream2 t (mus-location src-gen2) start2-in-samples) (incf start2-in-samples read-inc)) ;; Set the reverb amount according to our envelope (setf (locsig-reverb-ref loc 0) (env renv)) ;; Output the sample via locsig (locsig loc i (* (env ampf) ; Signal * current amp-env value ;; We add the two streams together ;; Grain amp-env * SRC generator value (+ (* (env gr-env1) (src src-gen1)) ;; If stream 2 hasn't yet begun, we add 0 (if do-stream2 (* (env gr-env2) (src src-gen2)) 0.0)))))) (close-input f1) (close-input f2))) ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;; End of instrument code ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; #| (with-sound (:scaled-to .99 :srate 44100 :reverb nrev) (mexpand "josquin2.wav" 0 5 :grain-dur .01 :rev-amt .03 :start .8 :grain-env '(0 0 50 1 100 0) :amp-env '(0 1 90 1 100 0) :end 1.5)) (with-sound (:reverb nrev :scaled-to .99 :srate 44100) (loop for gdur in '(.031 .9 .011 .04 .1 .023) and srt in '(0.529732 6.727171 0.280616 3.563595 0.148651 1.887749) and degree in '(7 82 52 37 67 22) do (mexpand "scream4.wav" 0 60 :grain-env '(0 0 5 1 95 1 100 0) :amp .5 :degree degree :grain-dur gdur :amp-env (list 0 0 degree 1 100 0) :srt srt))) |# ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;; EOF mexpand.ins