linked-named-object/time-sig [ Classes ]

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NAME

 time-sig

 File:             time-sig.lsp

 Class Hierarchy:  named-object -> linked-named-object -> sclist -> time-sig

 Version:          1.0.10

 Project:          slippery chicken (algorithmic composition)

 Purpose:          Implementation of a time-sig class that stores
                   information about time signatures, allows comparison of
                   time signatures etc. 

 Author:           Michael Edwards: m@michael-edwards.org

 Creation date:    12th February 2001

 $$ Last modified:  17:48:57 Sat Mar 18 2017 GMT

 SVN ID: $Id$

time-sig/beat-duration [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Get the duration in seconds of one beat of the given time-signature at a
 tempo of quarter=60.

ARGUMENTS

 - A time-sig object.

RETURN VALUE

 A number.

EXAMPLE

;; Beat duration in seconds for time-signature 2/4 at quarter=60
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (beat-duration ts))

=> 1.0

;; Beat duration in seconds for 6/8 at quarter=60
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(6 8))))
  (beat-duration ts))

=> 1.5

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod beat-duration ((ts time-sig))

time-sig/get-beat-as-rhythm [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Get the beat unit of a given time-sig object and return it as a rhythm.

ARGUMENTS

 - A time-sig object.

OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS

 - T or NIL to indicate whether to consider the beat of a compound meter to  
   be the denominator of the time signature (such as 8 for 6/8) or the beat  
   duration derived from the traditionally understood beat of that meter
   (such as Q. for 6/8). NIL = denominator. Default = NIL. 

RETURN VALUE

 A rhythm object.

EXAMPLE

;; Returns a rhythm object
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (get-beat-as-rhythm ts))

=> 
RHYTHM: value: 4.000, duration: 1.000, rq: 1, is-rest: NIL, 
        score-rthm: 4.0f0, undotted-value: 4, num-flags: 0, num-dots: 0, 
        is-tied-to: NIL, is-tied-from: NIL, compound-duration: 1.000, 
        is-grace-note: NIL, needs-new-note: T, beam: NIL, bracket: NIL, 
        rqq-note: NIL, rqq-info: NIL, marks: NIL, marks-in-part: NIL, 
        letter-value: 4, tuplet-scaler: 1, grace-note-duration: 0.05
LINKED-NAMED-OBJECT: previous: NIL, this: NIL, next: NIL
NAMED-OBJECT: id: 4, tag: NIL, 
data: 4

;; Default for compound meters is to return the denominator of the time
;; signature 
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(6 8))))
  (data (get-beat-as-rhythm ts)))

=> 8

;; Setting the optional argument to T returns the compound beat of a compound
;; meter rather than the denominator of the time signature
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(6 8))))
  (data (get-beat-as-rhythm ts t)))

=> Q.

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod get-beat-as-rhythm ((ts time-sig) &optional handle-compound)

time-sig/get-whole-bar-rest [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Create an event object consisting of a rest equal in duration to one full
 bar of the given time-sig object.

ARGUMENTS

 - A time-sig object.

RETURN VALUE

 Returns an event object.

EXAMPLE

;; Returns an event object
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (get-whole-bar-rest ts))

=> 
EVENT: start-time: NIL, end-time: NIL, 
       duration-in-tempo: 0.0, 
       compound-duration-in-tempo: 0.0, 
       amplitude: 0.7 
       bar-num: -1, marks-before: NIL, 
       tempo-change: NIL 
       instrument-change: NIL 
       display-tempo: NIL, start-time-qtrs: -1, 
       midi-time-sig: NIL, midi-program-changes: NIL, 
       8va: 0
       pitch-or-chord: NIL
       written-pitch-or-chord: NIL
RHYTHM: value: 2.000, duration: 2.000, rq: 2, is-rest: T, 
        score-rthm: 2.0f0, undotted-value: 2, num-flags: 0, num-dots: 0, 
        is-tied-to: NIL, is-tied-from: NIL, compound-duration: 2.000, 
        is-grace-note: NIL, needs-new-note: NIL, beam: NIL, bracket: NIL, 
        rqq-note: NIL, rqq-info: NIL, marks: NIL, marks-in-part: NIL, 
        letter-value: 2, tuplet-scaler: 1, grace-note-duration: 0.05
LINKED-NAMED-OBJECT: previous: NIL, this: NIL, next: NIL
NAMED-OBJECT: id: 2, tag: NIL, 
data: 2

;; The rhythmic value of the event object returned is equal to the rhythmic
;; duration of a full bar in the given time signature, the PITCH-OR-CHORD slot
;; is set to NIL, and the IS-REST slot is set to T.
(let* ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4)))
       (tswbr (get-whole-bar-rest ts)))
  (print (value tswbr))
  (print (pitch-or-chord tswbr))
  (print (is-rest tswbr)))

=>
2.0 
NIL 
T

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod get-whole-bar-rest ((ts time-sig))

time-sig/is-compound [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Determine whether the value of a given time-sig object is a compound time
 signature. 

ARGUMENTS

 - A time-sig object.

RETURN VALUE

 T if the value of the given time-sig object is a compound time signature,
 otherwise NIL.

EXAMPLE

;; Testing a time-sig object with a 2/4 time signature returns NIL
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (is-compound ts))

=> NIL

;; Testing a time-sig object with a 6/8 time signature returns T
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(6 8))))
  (is-compound ts))

=> T

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod is-compound ((ts time-sig))

time-sig/make-time-sig [ Functions ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Functions ]

DESCRIPTION

 Create a time-sig object. In addition to the numerator and denominator
 values, the object also stores other automatically calculated information,
 such as whether the signature is simple or compound, the duration of one
 bar of the given time signature in seconds, the number of midi-clocks, etc. 

ARGUMENTS

 - A two-item list of numbers, the first being the numerator (number of
   beats per measure), the second being the denominator (beat type). 

RETURN VALUE

 - A time-sig object.

EXAMPLE

(make-time-sig '(2 4))

=> 
TIME-SIG: num: 2, denom: 4, duration: 2.0, compound: NIL, midi-clocks: 24, num-beats: 2
SCLIST: sclist-length: 2, bounds-alert: T, copy: T
LINKED-NAMED-OBJECT: previous: NIL, this: NIL, next: NIL
NAMED-OBJECT: id: "0204", tag: NIL, 
data: (2 4)

SYNOPSIS

(defun make-time-sig (ts)

time-sig/scale [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Scale the value of the given time-sig object by a specified factor.

ARGUMENTS

 - A time-sig object.
 - A number (scaling factor).

OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS

 - T or NIL to indicate whether or not to preserve the meter by maintaining 
   the same number of beats as the numerator of the time signature. T = 
   preserve the meter. Default = T. 

RETURN VALUE

 A time-sig object.

EXAMPLE

;; Scaling a (2 4) time-sig object by 3 creates a new time-sig object with a
;; value of 6/4 
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (scale ts 3))

=> 
TIME-SIG: num: 6, denom: 4, duration: 6.0, compound: NIL, midi-clocks: 24, num-beats: 6
SCLIST: sclist-length: 2, bounds-alert: T, copy: T
LINKED-NAMED-OBJECT: previous: NIL, this: NIL, next: NIL
NAMED-OBJECT: id: "0604", tag: NIL, 
data: (6 4)

;; Scaling a (2 4) time-sig object by 2 by default preserves the meter
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (data (scale ts 2)))

=> (2 2)

;; Scaling a (2 4) time-sig object by 2 with the optional argument set to NIL
;; changes the meter and results in a 4/4
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (data (scale ts 2 nil)))

=> (4 4)

;; Halving the value of a time-sig object is achieved using a factor of .5
(let ((ts (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (data (scale ts .5)))

=> (2 8)

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod scale ((ts time-sig) scaler
                  &optional (preserve-meter t) ignore1 ignore2)

time-sig/time-sig-equal [ Methods ]

[ Top ] [ time-sig ] [ Methods ]

DESCRIPTION

 Determine whether the values of two given time-sig objects are the same. If
 they are identical in signature, return T; if they are different signatures
 but have the same duration (e.g. 2/4, 4/8, 8/16 etc.) return
 TIME-SIG-EQUAL-DURATION; otherwise return NIL.

ARGUMENTS

 - A first time-sig object.
 - A second time-sig object.

RETURN VALUE

 Returns T if the time signatures are identical; returns
 TIME-SIG-EQUAL-DURATION if they are different signatures with the same
 duration; otherwise NIL.

EXAMPLE

;; Two identical signatures return T
(let ((ts1 (make-time-sig '(2 4)))
      (ts2 (make-time-sig '(2 4))))
  (time-sig-equal ts1 ts2))

=> T

;; Two different signatures of the same duration return TIME-SIG-EQUAL-DURATION 
(let ((ts1 (make-time-sig '(2 4)))
      (ts2 (make-time-sig '(4 8))))
  (time-sig-equal ts1 ts2))

=> TIME-SIG-EQUAL-DURATION

;; Two completely different signatures return NIL
(let ((ts1 (make-time-sig '(2 4)))
      (ts2 (make-time-sig '(3 4))))
  (time-sig-equal ts1 ts2))

=> NIL

SYNOPSIS

(defmethod time-sig-equal ((ts1 time-sig) (ts2 time-sig))